Addressing The Intentional Destruction Of The Environment During Warfare Under The Rome Statute Of The International Criminal Court PDF Books

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Addressing The Intentional Destruction Of The Environment During Warfare Under The Rome Statute Of The International Criminal Court

Addressing The Intentional Destruction Of The Environment During Warfare Under The Rome Statute Of The International Criminal Court
Author: Steven Freeland
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781780683140
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Acts perpetrated during the course of warfare have, through the ages, led to significant environmental destruction. These have included situations where the natural environment has intentionally been targeted as a 'victim', or has somehow been manipulated to serve as a 'weapon' of warfare. Until recently, such acts were generally regarded as an unfortunate but unavoidable element of armed conflict, despite their potentially disastrous impacts. The existing international rules have largely been ineffective and inappropriate, and have in practical terms done little to deter deliberate environmental destruction, particularly when measured against perceived military advantages. However, as the significance of the environment has come to be more widely understood and recognised, this is no longer acceptable, particularly given the ongoing development of weapons capable of widespread and significant damage. This book therefore examines the current international legal regime relevant to the intentional destruction of the environment during warfare, and argues that such acts should, in appropriate circumstances, be recognised as an international crime and should be subject to more effective rules giving rise to international criminal responsibility. It also suggests a framework within the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court as to how this might be achieved. 'The purpose of international law has developed far beyond regulating relations between States, and has increasingly extended to prohibit conduct or activities with very harmful effects to the international community as a whole, and on individuals. One such prohibited conduct is the intentional and wanton destruction to the natural environment during armed conflict. Professor Freeland, in this book, has painstakingly and in a sophisticated manner recommended how individuals committing such a crime could be brought within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court in The Hague. It is highly recommended.' Abdul G. Koroma, former Judge, International Court of Justice 'Whilst international law has made significant strides in regulating the conduct of armed conflict, there is increasing concern about the environmental impacts of warfare. Deliberate environmental destruction can have devastating effects on present and future generations; yet, in terms of international criminal law, there has been relatively little by way of progress to deter such acts. This book is therefore extremely timely and presents a comprehensive and thought-provoking perspective as to why and how this concern could be addressed. With its insightful analysis, the book will undoubtedly stimulate further debate in this area, and is highly recommended to all those concerned with the impact of armed conflict on the natural environment.' Erkki Kourula, Judge, International Criminal Court (Appeals Chamber) 'Steven Freeland argues in favor of adding crimes against the environment to international law and to the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court. His writing is pragmatic, skillful, and also full of heart. His is the most convincing argument for a proposition well ahead of its time. His book is a must-read. Freeland's research is compendious, his view clear-eyed, and his style gifted. Freeland's book, however, transcends environmental protection. He is among the fore-runners when it comes to thinking creatively about the sources of violence, insecurity, and instability in the international order. Yet, all the while, he retains the wisdom not to posit law as rapture saving us from collective rupture.' Mark A. Drumbl, Class of 1975 Alumni Professor of Law and Director of the Transnational Law Institute, Washington and Lee University
Addressing the Intentional Destruction of the Environment During Warfare Under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Language: en
Pages: 362
Authors: Steven Freeland
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-04-28 - Publisher:
Acts perpetrated during the course of warfare have, through the ages, led to significant environmental destruction. These have included situations where the natural environment has intentionally been targeted as a 'victim', or has somehow been manipulated to serve as a 'weapon' of warfare. Until recently, such acts were generally regarded as an unfortunate but unavoidable element of armed conflict, despite their potentially disastrous impacts. The existing international rules have largely been ineffective and inappropriate, and have in practical terms done little to deter deliberate environmental destruction, particularly when measured against perceived military advantages. However, as the significance of the environment has come to be more widely understood and recognised, this is no longer acceptable, particularly given the ongoing development of weapons capable of widespread and significant damage. This book therefore examines the current international legal regime relevant to the intentional destruction of the environment during warfare, and argues that such acts should, in appropriate circumstances, be recognised as an international crime and should be subject to more effective rules giving rise to international criminal responsibility. It also suggests a framework within the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court as to how this might be achieved. 'The purpose of international
Climate Change Criminology
Language: en
Pages: 200
Authors: Rob White
Categories: Offenses against the environment
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-04 - Publisher: Bristol University Press
Leading green criminologist Rob White asks what can be learned from the problem-solving focus of crime prevention to help face the challenges of climate change in this call to arms for criminology and criminologists. Industries such as energy, food and tourism and the systematic destruction of the environment through global capitalism are scrutinized for their contribution to global warming. Ideas of 'state-corporate crime' and 'ecocide' are introduced and explored in this concise overview of criminological writings on climate change. This sound and robust application of theoretical concepts to this 'new' area also includes commentary on topical issues such as the US withdrawal from the Paris Climate agreement. Part of the New Horizons in Criminology series, which draws on the inter-disciplinary nature of criminology and incorporates emerging perspectives like social harm, gender and sexuality, and green criminology.
Völkerrecht
Language: de
Pages: 700
Authors: Andreas von Arnauld
Categories: Fiction
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-09-24 - Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH
Der Inhalt: Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt klar und einprägsam das Spektrum völkerrechtlicher Themen entsprechend dem Zuschnitt der Schwerpunktbereiche an den verschiedenen Juristischen Fakultäten. Es ist ein idealer Begleiter für das gesamte Schwerpunktstudium - von der ersten Beschäftigung mit der Materie über Hausarbeiten bis hin zur Vorbereitung auf abschließende Klausuren oder mündliche Prüfungen. Neben den allgemeinen Fragen des Völkerrechts werden zahlreiche Teilgebiete des Friedens- und des Konfliktvölkerrechts systematisch und vertieft dargestellt: Diplomatenrecht, Menschenrechte, Seerecht und Recht der Gemeinschaftsräume, Umwelt und Entwicklung, Wirtschaftsvölkerrecht, Friedenssicherungsrecht, Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Völkerstrafrecht. Anhand zahlreicher Fallbeispiele aus der Entscheidungspraxis sowie ausführlich dargestellter Fälle mit Lösungshinweisen werden Besonderheiten und Zusammenhänge veranschaulicht. Kontrollfragen am Ende jedes Kapitels dienen ebenso der Wiederholung wie eine didaktisch aufbereitete Kurzfassung zentraler Leitentscheidungen. Optimal ergänzt wird das Lehrbuch durch den Klausurenkurs im Völkerrecht desselben Autors.
Green Crimes and International Criminal Law
Language: en
Pages: 364
Authors: Regina M. Paulose
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-07-06 - Publisher: Vernon Press
‘Green Crimes and International Criminal Law’ examines crimes against the environment, which impact not only humans, but also wildlife and ecosystems more generally. A significant point of discussion in the volume is whether green crimes can fit effectively into existing international criminal law frameworks or not. Chapter authors explore these crimes from both a definitional and theoretical perspective and in various contexts in different parts of the world, questioning whether these violations have led to or are violations of international criminal law. While the recognition of green crimes in the international criminal law community has been slow, it has increasingly gained widespread attention. This volume acknowledges the growing interest and seeks to promote debate among academics and professionals working on the subject. The aim of these texts is to encourage meaningful action around green crimes within the international criminal law community so that environmental justice can become established. The collection will be of particular interest to practicing attorneys and academics studying international criminal law, especially those keen on investigating how green crimes can be incorporated into the specific canon of international law.
Justice Without Borders
Language: en
Pages: 500
Authors: Martin Böse, Michael Bohlander, André Klip, Otto Lagodny
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-02-05 - Publisher: BRILL
Justice Without Borders is a collection of essays on international criminal law, European criminal law and international cooperation of distinguished authors that honours Judge Wolfgang Schomburg on the occassion of his 70th birthday on 9 April 2018.
Environmental Protection and Transitions from Conflict to Peace
Language: en
Pages: 450
Authors: Carsten Stahn, Jennifer S. Easterday, Jens Iverson
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-01-05 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book is the first targeted work in the legal literature that investigates environmental challenges in the aftermath of conflict. The volume brings together academics, policy-makers, and practitioners from different disciplines to clarify policies and practices of environmental protection and key legal considerations related to normative frameworks (e.g. international environmental law, international humanitarian law, transitional justice, and human rights), the treatment of substantive principles (e.g. proportionality under jus in bello and jus post bellum, environmental integrity), ?shared responsibility?, and accountability mechanisms for environmental damage. By providing a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of environmental protection and natural resource management during the transition to peace, the volume reveals strong links between the peace-orientation of jus post bellum and environmental principles, such as intergenerational equity and precaution. There is a great deal of work to do to ensure greater protection of the environment before, during, and after conflict. It remains a challenge to align protection with the political interest of states, and the increasing involvement of non-state actors in armed conflict. This volume marks a starting point for an urgently needed space for states, international organizations, and civil society to discuss, and debate conflict and the environment. By engaging with the International Law
Mit zweierlei Maß
Language: de
Pages: 144
Authors: Wolfgang Kaleck
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-03-02 - Publisher: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach
Am 1. Juli 2012 wird der Internationale Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag zehn Jahre alt. Doch die Hoffnungen auf eine universale Strafverfolgung von Menschheitsverbrechen wurden enttäuscht. Die Praxis internationaler und nationaler Gerichte muss deswegen verändert werden. Der Erfolg der Nürnberger Prozesse nährte die Erwartung, in Zukunft alle Regierungen für begangene Verbrechen vor Gericht stellen zu können. Aber der Kalte Krieg verhinderte jahrzehntelang eine Umsetzung dieses Versprechens. Wolfgang Kaleck zeichnet in diesem Buch die schier endlose Serie von ungesühnten Völkerrechtsstraftaten westlicher Machthaber von Algerien über Vietnam bis in die Türkei und Kolumbien nach. Trotz der vielversprechenden Schaffung des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs und der Tribunale für Ruanda und Jugoslawien gibt es noch viele Gründe für Kritik an den stattfindenden wie an den ausbleibenden Verfahren. Kaleck bemängelt, dass das Völkerstrafrecht überwiegend nur auf besiegte afrikanische Potentaten und Generäle angewandt wird und nicht auf die Verbrechen der Großmächte, insbesondere des Westens. Damit stellt die herrschende selektive Strafverfolgungspraxis das Prinzip universell geltender Menschenrechte generell in Frage.
Umweltvölkerrecht
Language: en
Pages: 347
Authors: Ulrich Beyerlin
Categories: Environmental law, International
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000 - Publisher:
Books about Umweltvölkerrecht
Dehumanisierung der Kriegführung
Language: de
Pages: 551
Authors: Tassilo Singer
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-09-24 - Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Dieses Buch diskutiert, ob menschliche Kontrolle bei der Kriegführung nach dem Völkerrecht vorausgesetzt wird. Dies wird bei den Diskussionen zu autonomen Waffensystemen (LAWS) im Rahmen der UN-Waffenkonvention unter dem Thema „meaningful human control“ gefordert. Praktisch betrifft es die Frage, ob man Systeme ohne jegliche menschliche Kontrollmöglichkeit bei der Zielbekämpfung einsetzen darf und falls ja, unter welchen Voraussetzungen. Dies umfasst sowohl das Waffenrecht (darf eine Waffe überhaupt eingesetzt werden?) als auch das Einsatzrecht (wie darf eine Waffe in einem konkreten Einsatz verwendet werden?). Die rechtliche Analyse erstreckt sich auf vollautonome Waffensysteme und Cyber Operationen und geht auf die jeweiligen Eigenheiten ein. Zudem wird eine Lösung für Verantwortungslücken, die durch fehlende menschliche Kontrolle entstehen, entwickelt.
Gewaltengliederung
Language: de
Pages: 515
Authors: Christoph Möllers
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005 - Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
English summary: In this work, Christoph Mollers takes the traditional notion of separated powers and tries to modernize it by developing a legitimacy-based model for the legislative, executive and judicial functions. This model is based on the idea of autonomy as the central element for every legal order that claims legitimacy. The institutional implications of the distinction between individual and collective self-determination enable the author to develop certain criteria for the organization of legitimate lawmaking procedures. In this model, the concept of separated powers provides a solution for the perpetual conflict between individual and collective self-determination, both equally accepted by constitutional systems. These criteria can be applied comparatively to traditional problems of separated powers - delegation, constitutional jurisdiction - as well as to problems of multi-level legal systems. German description: Warum sind Staatsorganisationen traditionell in drei Gewalten gegliedert? Auf diese Frage gibt Christoph Mollers eine legitimationstheoretisch begrundete Antwort und macht diese juristisch nutzbar: Moderne Verfassungen legitimieren sich durch den Schutz individueller Freiheit und die Ermoglichung demokratischer Selbstbestimmung, lassen jedoch den Vorrang zwischen beiden Legitimationsformen offen. Statt einer materiellen Vorrangregel dient das Prinzip der Gewaltengliederung dem Ausgleich beider Legitimationsanspruche durch Organisation und Verfahren. Auf Grundlage dieser Einsicht leitet der Autor Kriterien