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Bioethics Around The Globe

Bioethics Around The Globe
Author: Catherine Myser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199749829
Size: 59.79 MB
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Contemporary bioethics, now roughly 40 years old as a discipline, originated in the United States with a primarily Anglo-American cultural ethos. It continues to be professionalized and institutionalized as a maturing discipline at the intersections of philosophy, medicine, law, social sciences, and humanities. Increasingly bioethics - along with its foundational values, concepts and principals - has been exported to other countries, not only in the developed West, but also in developing and/or Eastern countries. Bioethics thus continues to undergo intriguing transformations as it is globalized and adapted to local cultures. These processes have occurred rapidly in the last two decades, with relatively little reflection and examination. This volume brings together contributors from a wide variety of disciplines to take a critical, empirical look at bioethics around the globe, examining how it is being transformed - at both local and global levels - in this process of cross-cultural exporting and importing. One concern is to identify sociocultural forces and consequences which may positively or negatively affect ethics and social justice goals. This book thereby offers the first comparative anthropology and sociology of globalizing bioethics in the field, exploring the global dissemination, local adaptations, cultural meanings and social functions of bioethics theories, practices and institutions and comparing developed and developing countries. The volume considers a full range of countries on every inhabited continent, including: Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, Europe, the Middle East, and North America. Topics include government agendas such as nationalism and nation building; agendas of powerful, associated professions (e.g., medicine, law); theological and political agendas such as 'culture wars'; agendas of entrepreneurial economies of profit; and other cultural and ideological agendas consciously or unconsciously advanced or contested by bioethics work in particular countries based on their unique history, politics and culture. This cross-cultural exploration of globalizing bioethics will be of great interest to a field that is increasingly introspective about its underlying sociocultural assumptions and biases. "At last-an unabashedly sociological and anthropological look at the globalization of bioethics, a really fresh approach to a maturing discipline. The chapters speak from the perspective of sophisticated Western-developed exporters of the bioethical paradigm [and equally sophisticated] Eastern-developing and third-world and interdisciplinary critics suspicious of the canonical view. Trained in the dominant school of American, mainstream philosophy, Myser draws on her long-standing commitment to a social and cultural approach to bioethics to take a fresh look at bioethics globally. She grasps the globalization of bioethics and the skepticism about analytical philosophy's Americanized consensus. The book sets the stage for a new era in bioethics theory and practice {debating] whether a universal common morality underlies the rich variation in national and cultural bioethics traditions." - Robert Veatch, Georgetown University "This path-breaking volume is the first to explore the global export of Western bioethics to a variety of non-Western settings. Explicitly critical, the book also points to the liberating potential of bioethics to achieve social justice and improve the lives of patients around the world. The book is a must-read for all medical anthropologists interested in bioethics." - Marcia Inhorn, Yale University "Bioethics Around the Globe should change the way bioethics is conceived and practiced in the U.S. and elsewhere. Its rich and wide-ranging comparative examination opens new possibilities for bioethical reflection. I enthusiastically recommend this wonderful book." - James F. Childress, University of Virginia "The past 40 years have seen a remarkable spread of bioethics to every part of the world. Dr. Myser's collection is a wonderful and rich exploration of its international impact, revealing important similarities and differences from country to country. It will have an important impact." - Daniel Callahan, The Hastings Center
Bioethics Around the Globe
Language: en
Pages: 336
Authors: Catherine Myser
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-06-01 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
Contemporary bioethics, now roughly 40 years old as a discipline, originated in the United States with a primarily Anglo-American cultural ethos. It continues to be professionalized and institutionalized as a maturing discipline at the intersections of philosophy, medicine, law, social sciences, and humanities. Increasingly bioethics - along with its foundational values, concepts and principals - has been exported to other countries, not only in the developed West, but also in developing and/or Eastern countries. Bioethics thus continues to undergo intriguing transformations as it is globalized and adapted to local cultures. These processes have occurred rapidly in the last two decades, with relatively little reflection and examination. This volume brings together contributors from a wide variety of disciplines to take a critical, empirical look at bioethics around the globe, examining how it is being transformed - at both local and global levels - in this process of cross-cultural exporting and importing. One concern is to identify sociocultural forces and consequences which may positively or negatively affect ethics and social justice goals. This book thereby offers the first comparative anthropology and sociology of globalizing bioethics in the field, exploring the global dissemination, local adaptations, cultural meanings and social functions of bioethics theories,
Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Catherine Myser
Categories: Developing countries
Type: BOOK - Published: 2001 - Publisher:
Books about Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Dark Medicine
Language: en
Pages: 259
Authors: William R. LaFleur, Gernot Böhme, Susumu Shimazono
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher:
Where does one set the limits on research involving human subjects?
Problemi Di Bioetica
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: William R. LaFleur, Gernot Böhme, Susumu Shimazono
Categories: Bioethics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000 - Publisher:
Books about Problemi Di Bioetica
Bioethics
Language: en
Pages: 208
Authors: S. Ignacimuthu
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009 - Publisher: Alpha Science International Limited
"Bioethics deals with ethical issues connected with living beings in relation to their environment. Special emphasis is laid on the values that should govern our actions based on proper ethical considerations. This book is a must for all biology, biotechnology, engineering, medical and law students." --Book Jacket.
The Bioethics Reader
Language: en
Pages: 602
Authors: Ruth Chadwick
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-09-04 - Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
'The Bioethics Reader' traces some of the most important concerns of the 1980s, such as the ethics of euthanasia, reproductive technologies, the allocation of scarce medical resources, surrogate motherhood, and a range of issues debated today, particularly in the field of genetics.
Poverty, Vulnerability, the Value of Human Life, and the Emergence of Bioethics
Language: en
Pages: 246
Authors: Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 1995 - Publisher: World Health Organization
Records the papers and discussions of an international conference convened to consider how bioethics and human rights can be applied in socioeconomic development aimed at a more equitable distribution of resources and privileges. The conference, which was attended by leading experts in ethics, health legislation, and human rights, gave particular attention to poverty and vulnerability as fundamental human conditions that should become central concerns of bioethics at the global level. Throughout, bioethics is regarded as a social movement concerned with human and ethical values in the formulation of health policy as well as in the practice of medicine.
Encyclopedia of Bioethics: N-S
Language: en
Pages: 3062
Authors: Stephen Garrard Post
Categories: Bioethics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004 - Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library
These volumes present informative articles on the moral and ethical dimensions of modern medicine, science, and technology.
Global Bioethics
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Stephen Garrard Post
Categories: Bioethics
Type: BOOK - Published: 1992 - Publisher:
Books about Global Bioethics
Contemporary Issues in Bioethics
Language: en
Pages: 806
Authors: Tom L. Beauchamp, Jeffrey P. Kahn, LeRoy Walters, Anna C. Mastroianni
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008 - Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN BIOETHICS brings you balanced coverage of the most pressing topics in bioethics, including partial-birth abortion, organ transplants, and global pandemics, to name a few. With a diverse range of classic and current essays as well as actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding medical ethics scholars, this anthology will help you understand each issue from a variety of standpointsï'including those of medical researchers and practitioners, legal experts, and philosophers.