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Challenges For Sustainable Biomass Utilisation

Challenges For Sustainable Biomass Utilisation
Author: Michael Hiete
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
ISBN: 3866444370
Size: 15.91 MB
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"The industrial or energetic use of woody or herbal biomass can provide solutions to the ecologic and economic problems of the growing worldwide demand for energy and fuel. A two-year research exchange named Biociclo between the Universidad de Concepcion (Chile) and the Universitat Karlsruhe (TH) (Germany) aimed at establishing contracts for supporting joint research in the field. This book contains the contributions for the final workshop of this exchange funded by the German BMBF and the Chilean CONICYT. It reflects the internationality and interdisciplinarity of the workshop's participants and the scope of the contributed papers about Biomass Utilization Paths in Chile, Pyrolysis and Life-Cycle Assessment of Biomass and Logistic Concepts of Biomass Utilization Concepts. We are glad to offer a documentation, which may foster the exchange of scientific approaches and their practical application."--Publisher's description.
Challenges for Sustainable Biomass Utilisation
Language: en
Pages: 134
Authors: Michael Hiete
Categories: Biomass chemicals
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010 - Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
"The industrial or energetic use of woody or herbal biomass can provide solutions to the ecologic and economic problems of the growing worldwide demand for energy and fuel. A two-year research exchange named Biociclo between the Universidad de Concepcion (Chile) and the Universitat Karlsruhe (TH) (Germany) aimed at establishing contracts for supporting joint research in the field. This book contains the contributions for the final workshop of this exchange funded by the German BMBF and the Chilean CONICYT. It reflects the internationality and interdisciplinarity of the workshop's participants and the scope of the contributed papers about Biomass Utilization Paths in Chile, Pyrolysis and Life-Cycle Assessment of Biomass and Logistic Concepts of Biomass Utilization Concepts. We are glad to offer a documentation, which may foster the exchange of scientific approaches and their practical application."--Publisher's description.
Innovations for sustainable biomass utilisation in the Upper Rhine Region
Language: en
Pages: 282
Authors: Schumacher, Kira, Fichtner, Wolf , Schultmann, Frank
Categories: Biomass chemicals
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-02-22 - Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Books about Innovations for sustainable biomass utilisation in the Upper Rhine Region
Modeling of a logistics network for wood flows from by-products and cascade utilization
Language: en
Pages: 192
Authors: Mohammad Sadegh Taskhiri
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-05-27 - Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
Waste Wood and wood by-products have the potential to become attractive alternative sources of raw materials. Their efficient use is important due to the rising demand and limited supply of forest wood. Cascade utilization is gaining interest as a strategy to bridge the gap between rising wood demand and fresh wood availability. However, the economic and environmental impacts of a cascading system for wood-based products are not fully known. In this work, an investigation is conducted to determine the consequences of cascade utilization for the economic and environmental performance of logistics networks for wood flows. Two case studies in Lower Saxony consider five wood products, including medium density fiber (MDF), oriented strand board (OSB), particleboard, coated paper, and wood pellets. In the first case study, an approach for decision support is developed that consists of a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model. In the first case study, the MILP model is used for minimizing the costs of the logistics network for three scenarios. Then the UMBERTO software is applied to determine the quantity of CO2e of the minimized logistics network. In the second case study, the MILP model is enhanced using two objective functions, as cost and global warming potential (GWP)
Entwicklung eines Netzwerk-Standort-Modells für die ökonomische Optimierung lokaler Nahwärmesysteme
Language: de
Pages: 142
Authors: Ingo Karschin
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-10-19 - Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag
In der vorliegenden Dissertation wird ein gemischt-ganzzahliges lineares Programm (MILP – mixed integer linear program) zur simultanen Optimierung von Nahwärmenetzen, Kraftwerkskapazitäten und –standorten vorgestellt. Unter gegebenen Rahmenbedingungen ermittelt das Programm die optimale Konfiguration eines Nahwärmenetzes unter Berücksichtigung der anzuschließenden Haushalte, der potentiellen Leitungsstücke sowie der Standorte und Kapazitäten der notwendigen Kraft-Wärme-Kopplungs-Anlagen. Damit lassen sich Planungssituationen für lokale Nahwärmesysteme inklusive der möglichen Förderung durch staatliche Subventionen realistisch abbilden. Das Modell wird im Rahmen der Arbeit auf zwei Fallstudien angewendet und die vorliegenden Planungssituationen für ein Bioenergiedorf in Niedersachsen und die Nahwärmeversorgung einer Großstadt in Chile untersucht. Entscheidungsträger können das Modell dazu nutzen, um in einer Szenarioanalyse die Auswirkungen variierender Eingangsparameter auf die ökonomische Vorteilhaftigkeit einer Investition zu untersuchen. Dadurch kann die Anwendung dieses Modells den gesamten Planungsprozess eines lokalen Nahwärmesystems unterstützen und die Entscheidungsfindung vereinfachen.
Energieeffizienz durch Planung betriebsübergreifender Prozessintegration mit der Pinch-Analyse
Language: de
Pages: 402
Authors: Jens Ludwig
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012 - Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Books about Energieeffizienz durch Planung betriebsübergreifender Prozessintegration mit der Pinch-Analyse
Meeting Policy Challenges for a Sustainable Bioeconomy
Language: en
Pages: 196
Authors: OECD
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-04-19 - Publisher: OECD Publishing
This publication investigates key aspects surrounding the sustainability of bioeconomy development: the use of biomass as feedstock for future production; the design and building of biorefineries for the manufacture of a range of fuels, chemicals and materials, and also for electricity generation.
Renewable Raw Materials
Language: en
Pages: 244
Authors: Roland Ulber, Dieter Sell, Thomas Hirth
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-04-27 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
One of the main challenges facing the chemical industry is the transition to sustainable operations. Industries are taking initiatives to reduce resource intensities or footprints, and by adopting safer materials and processes. Such efforts need to be supported by techniques that can quantify the broad economic and environmental implications of industrial operations, retrofi t options and provide new design alternatives. This contemporary overview focuses on cradle-to-grave life cycle assessments of existing or conceptual processes for producing valueadded fuels, chemicals, and/or materials from renewable agricultural residues, plant-derived starches and oils, lignocellulosic biomass, and plant-based industrial processing wastes. It presents the key concepts, systems, and technologies, with an emphasis on new feedstocks for the chemical industry. Each chapter uses common themes of specifi c raw materials, thus forming a natural progression throughout the book. The result is coverage from a wide range of perspectives, emphasizing not only the technical issues but also considering the market place and socio-economic aspects.
Land Allocation for Biomass Crops
Language: en
Pages: 217
Authors: Ruopu Li, Andrea Monti
Categories: Nature
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-05-04 - Publisher: Springer
This edited volume establishes a forum for international experts to explore cutting-edge questions associated with the land use and biomass production. Topics include ‘do we have enough land, either primary or marginal, to accommodate future production of biomass?’, ‘how are farming decisions made in response to biomass incentives?’, ‘is the current bio-mass production socially, economically and environmentally sustainable?’, and ‘what are the main constraints currently limiting biofuel deployment?’ The expansion of biomass production is often at the cost of reduced land availability for food production and losses of areas with ecological functions such as forests and wetlands. This process often involves complex interplay of physical dynamics and human systems that are driven by numerous geographic and socio-economic factors at different scales. Thus, the state-of-the-art research on the land use issues surrounding the biomass production and its environmental impacts is important for informed land management decision making. This book will be of great use to researchers in land use management and biomass-based renewable energy, as well as practitioners.
Towards Sustainable Production and Use of Resources
Language: en
Pages: 36
Authors: United Nations Environment Programme
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009 - Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint
This report was produced by the Working Group on biofuels of the International Panel for Sustainable Resource Managemet. It provides an overview of the key problems and perspectives toward sustainable production and use of biofuels. It is based on an extensive literature study, taking into account recent major reviews. The focus is on so-called first generation biofuels while considering further lines of development. In the overall context of enhancing resource productivity, options for more efficient and sustainable production and use of biomass are examined. In particular, "modern biomass use" for energetic purposes, such as biomass used for (co-)generation of heat and power and liquid biofuels for transport, are addressed and related to the use of biomass for food and material purposes. Whereas improving the efficiency of biomass production plays a certain role towards enhancing sustainability, progress will ultimately depend on a more efficient use of biotic (and abiotic) resources (incl. for instance an increased fuel economy of car fleets), although a full consideration of all relevant strategies towards this end (e.g changing diets high in animal based foods and reducing food losses) is beyond the scope of this report.
Potential and Challenges of Low Carbon Fuels for Sustainable Transport
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Avinash Kumar Agarwal
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: - Publisher: Springer Nature
Books about Potential and Challenges of Low Carbon Fuels for Sustainable Transport