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Current Perspectives On Sexual Selection

Current Perspectives On Sexual Selection
Author: Thierry Hoquet
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401795869
Size: 54.58 MB
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This root-and-branch re-evaluation of Darwin’s concept of sexual selection tackles the subject from historical, epistemological and theoretical perspectives. Contributions from a wealth of disciplines have been marshaled for this volume, with key figures in behavioural ecology, philosophy, and the history of science adding to its wide-ranging relevance. Updating the reader on the debate currently live in behavioural ecology itself on the centrality of sexual selection, and with coverage of developments in the field of animal aesthetics, the book details the current state of play, while other chapters trace the history of sexual selection from Darwin to today and inquire into the neurobiological bases for partner choices and the comparisons between the hedonic brain in human and non-human animals. Welcome space is given to the social aspects of sexual selection, particularly where Darwin drew distinctions between eager males and coy females and rationalized this as evolutionary strategy. Also explored are the current definition of sexual selection (as opposed to natural selection) and its importance in today’s biological research, and the impending critique of the theory from the nascent field of animal aesthetics. As a comprehensive assessment of the current health, or otherwise, of Darwin’s theory, 140 years after the publication of his Descent of Man, the book offers a uniquely rounded view that asks whether ‘sexual selection’ is in itself a progressive or reactionary notion, even as it explores its theoretical relevance in the technical biological study of the twenty-first century.
Current Perspectives on Sexual Selection
Language: en
Pages: 307
Authors: Thierry Hoquet
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-02-01 - Publisher: Springer
This root-and-branch re-evaluation of Darwin’s concept of sexual selection tackles the subject from historical, epistemological and theoretical perspectives. Contributions from a wealth of disciplines have been marshaled for this volume, with key figures in behavioural ecology, philosophy, and the history of science adding to its wide-ranging relevance. Updating the reader on the debate currently live in behavioural ecology itself on the centrality of sexual selection, and with coverage of developments in the field of animal aesthetics, the book details the current state of play, while other chapters trace the history of sexual selection from Darwin to today and inquire into the neurobiological bases for partner choices and the comparisons between the hedonic brain in human and non-human animals. Welcome space is given to the social aspects of sexual selection, particularly where Darwin drew distinctions between eager males and coy females and rationalized this as evolutionary strategy. Also explored are the current definition of sexual selection (as opposed to natural selection) and its importance in today’s biological research, and the impending critique of the theory from the nascent field of animal aesthetics. As a comprehensive assessment of the current health, or otherwise, of Darwin’s theory, 140 years after the publication of
Current Perspectives on Sexual Selection
Language: en
Pages: 307
Authors: Thierry Hoquet
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-01-28 - Publisher: Springer
This root-and-branch re-evaluation of Darwin’s concept of sexual selection tackles the subject from historical, epistemological and theoretical perspectives. Contributions from a wealth of disciplines have been marshaled for this volume, with key figures in behavioural ecology, philosophy, and the history of science adding to its wide-ranging relevance. Updating the reader on the debate currently live in behavioural ecology itself on the centrality of sexual selection, and with coverage of developments in the field of animal aesthetics, the book details the current state of play, while other chapters trace the history of sexual selection from Darwin to today and inquire into the neurobiological bases for partner choices and the comparisons between the hedonic brain in human and non-human animals. Welcome space is given to the social aspects of sexual selection, particularly where Darwin drew distinctions between eager males and coy females and rationalized this as evolutionary strategy. Also explored are the current definition of sexual selection (as opposed to natural selection) and its importance in today’s biological research, and the impending critique of the theory from the nascent field of animal aesthetics. As a comprehensive assessment of the current health, or otherwise, of Darwin’s theory, 140 years after the publication of
Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection
Language: en
Pages: 672
Authors: Evelleen Richards
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-04-27 - Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Darwin’s concept of natural selection has been exhaustively studied, but his secondary evolutionary principle of sexual selection remains largely unexplored and misunderstood. Yet sexual selection was of great strategic importance to Darwin because it explained things that natural selection could not and offered a naturalistic, as opposed to divine, account of beauty and its perception. Only now, with Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection, do we have a comprehensive and meticulously researched account of Darwin’s path to its formulation—one that shows the man, rather than the myth, and examines both the social and intellectual roots of Darwin’s theory. Drawing on the minutiae of his unpublished notes, annotations in his personal library, and his extensive correspondence, Evelleen Richards offers a richly detailed, multilayered history. Her fine-grained analysis comprehends the extraordinarily wide range of Darwin’s sources and disentangles the complexity of theory, practice, and analogy that went into the making of sexual selection. Richards deftly explores the narrative strands of this history and vividly brings to life the chief characters involved. A true milestone in the history of science, Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection illuminates the social and cultural contingencies of the shaping of an important—if controversial—biological concept that
Transsexualität in Theologie und Neurowissenschaften
Language: de
Pages: 745
Authors: Gerhard Schreiber
Categories: Religion
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-10-10 - Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Der Band enthält die Beiträge eines bislang einmaligen Dialoges zwischen Neuro- und Biowissenschaften auf der einen, Theologie und Kirche auf der anderen Seite. Während sich in den letzten 20 Jahren durch neurobiologische Forschung ein Paradigmenwechsel vollzogen hat, der mit der Entpsychiatrisierung und Entpsychopathologisierung von Transsexualität verbunden ist, so bleibt eine systematische Reflexion von Transsexualität im Kontext von Theologie und Kirche nach wie vor ein Desiderat. Hier setzen die Beiträge des Sammelbandes an: Bereits vorliegende Forschungsergebnisse aus Sicht der beteiligten Disziplinen werden dokumentiert, kontroverse Standpunkte miteinander ins Gespräch gebracht und Perspektiven für einen ethisch, politisch und rechtlich angemessenen Umgang mit Transsexualität als einer paradigmatischen Herausforderung zur gesellschaftlichen Akzeptanz geschlechtlicher Vielfalt eröffnet.
Die Abstammung des Menschen und die geschlechtliche Zuchtwahl
Language: de
Pages: 418
Authors: Charles Darwin
Categories: Evolution
Type: BOOK - Published: 1871 - Publisher:
Books about Die Abstammung des Menschen und die geschlechtliche Zuchtwahl
Darwin's Psychology
Language: en
Pages: 304
Authors: Ben Bradley
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-09-11 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
Darwin has long been hailed as forefather to behavioural science, especially nowadays, with the growing popularity of evolutionary psychologies. Yet, until now, his contribution to the field of psychology has been somwhat understated. This is the first book ever to examine the riches of what Darwin himself wrote about psychological matters. It unearths a Darwin new to science, whose first concern is the agency of organisms-from which he derives both his psychology, and his theory of evolution. A deep reading of Darwin's writings on climbing plants and babies, blushing and bower-birds, worms and facial movements, shows that, for Darwin, evolution does not explain everything about human action. Group-life and culture are also keys, whether we discuss the dynamics of conscience or the dramas of desire. Thus his treatment of facial actions sets out from the anatomy and physiology of human facial movements, and shows how these are recognized by others. A discussion of blushing extends his theory to the way reading others' expressions rebounds on ourselves-I care about how I think you read me. This dynamic proves central to how Darwin understands sexual desire, the production of conscience and of social standards through group dynamics, and the role of culture
On Purpose
Language: en
Pages: 320
Authors: Michael Ruse
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-11-19 - Publisher: Princeton University Press
An accessible history of the idea of purpose in Western thought, from ancient Greece to the present Can we live without the idea of purpose? Should we even try to? Kant thought we were stuck with it, and even Darwin, who profoundly shook the idea, was unable to kill it. Indeed, purpose seems to be making a comeback today, as both religious advocates of intelligent design and some prominent secular philosophers argue that any explanation of life without the idea of purpose is missing something essential. On Purpose explores the history of purpose in philosophical, religious, scientific, and historical thought, from ancient Greece to the present. Accessibly written and filled with literary and other examples, the book traces how Platonic, Aristotelian, and Kantian ideas of purpose continue to shape Western thought. Along the way, it also takes up tough questions about the purpose of life—and whether it’s possible to have meaning without purpose.
A History of Psychology
Language: en
Pages: 600
Authors: William Douglas Woody, Wayne Viney
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-03-27 - Publisher: Routledge
A History of Psychology: The Emergence of Science and Applications, Sixth Edition, traces the history of psychology from antiquity through the early 21st century, giving students a thorough look into psychology’s origins and key developments in basic and applied psychology. This new edition includes extensive coverage of the proliferation of applied fields since the mid-twentieth century and stronger emphases on the biological basis of psychology, new statistical techniques and qualitative methodologies, and emerging therapies. Other areas of emphasis include the globalization of psychology, the growth of interest in health psychology, the resurgence of interest in motivation, and the importance of ecopsychology and environmental psychology. Substantially revised and updated throughout, this book retains and improves its strengths from prior editions, including its strong scholarly foundation and scholarship from groups too often omitted from psychological history, including women, people of color, and scholars from outside the United States. This book also aims to engage and inspire students to recognize the power of history in their own lives and studies, to connect history to the present and the future, and to think critically and historically. For additional resources, consult the Companion Website at www.routledge.com/cw/woody where instructors will find lecture slides and outlines; testbanks;
Mate Choice
Language: en
Pages: 648
Authors: Gil G. Rosenthal
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-07-18 - Publisher: Princeton University Press
A major new look at the evolution of mating decisions in organisms from protozoans to humans The popular consensus on mate choice has long been that females select mates likely to pass good genes to offspring. In Mate Choice, Gil Rosenthal overturns much of this conventional wisdom. Providing the first synthesis of the topic in more than three decades, and drawing from a wide range of fields, including animal behavior, evolutionary biology, social psychology, neuroscience, and economics, Rosenthal argues that "good genes" play a relatively minor role in shaping mate choice decisions and demonstrates how mate choice is influenced by genetic factors, environmental effects, and social interactions. Looking at diverse organisms, from protozoans to humans, Rosenthal explores how factors beyond the hunt for good genes combine to produce an endless array of preferences among species and individuals. He explains how mating decisions originate from structural constraints on perception and from nonsexual functions, and how single organisms benefit or lose from their choices. Both the origin of species and their fusion through hybridization are strongly influenced by direct selection on preferences in sexual and nonsexual contexts. Rosenthal broadens the traditional scope of mate choice research to encompass not just animal behavior
The Oxford Handbook of Women and Competition
Language: en
Pages: 856
Authors: Maryanne L. Fisher
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
Introduction / Maryanne L. Fisher -- Theory and overview -- Competition throughout women's lives / Bobbi Low -- Sexual competition among women : a review of the theory and supporting evidence / Steven Arnocky & Tracy Vaillancourt -- Female intrasexual competition in primates : why human's aren't as progressive as we think / Nicole Scott -- Social status and aggression -- Feminist and evolutionary perspectives of female-female competition, status seeking, and social network formation / Laurette T. Liesen -- Adolescent peer aggression and female reproductive competition / Andrew C. Gallup -- Cooperation drives competition among Tsimane women in the Bolivian Amazon / Stacey L. Rucas -- Competition between female friends / Chenthila Nagamuthu & Elizabeth Page-Gould -- The element of surprise: women of the dark triad / P. Lynne Honey -- Communication and gossip -- Competitive communication among women : the pretty prevail by means of indirect aggression / Grace Anderson -- Gossip and competition among women : how "the gossip" became a woman and how "gossip" became her weapon of choice / Francis T. McAndrew -- Women's talk? : exploring the relationship between gossip, sex, mate competition, and mate poaching / Katelin Sutton & Megan J. Oaten -- Informational