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Comparative Environmental Regulation In The United States And Russia

Environmental Regulation
Author: Lada V. Kochtcheeva
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 079147707X
Size: 22.16 MB
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Explores how policy actors in the United States and Russia have developed flexible incentive-based instruments for environmental protection.
Comparative Environmental Regulation in the United States and Russia
Language: en
Pages: 242
Authors: Lada V. Kochtcheeva
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008-12-18 - Publisher: SUNY Press
Explores how policy actors in the United States and Russia have developed flexible incentive-based instruments for environmental protection.
Economic Growth and Environmental Regulation
Language: en
Pages: 352
Authors: Tim Swanson, Tun Lin
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-12-04 - Publisher: Routledge
This volume assembles a group of eminent scholars to look at the problem of growth and environment from the perspective of environmental regulation. The questions addressed are: How does economic growth interact with regulation, and what are the best approaches to regulation in use today? The context for the volume is the current situation in China, where twenty years of rapid growth have created a situation in which there are both demands for environmental regulation and needs for choosing a future development path. The advent of "A Macro-Environmental Strategy" for China presents an opportunity to ask how and why China should introduce regulation into its management of its development. The volume includes contributions from leading Chinese experts and established environmental economists from other countries including Timo Goeschl, Ben Groom and Andreas Kontoleon. The volume looks at both the demand side of environmental regulation and the supply side. The demand side of regulatory intervention examines how regulation operates to supplement existing resource-allocation mechanisms, via effective demand aggregation and implementation mechanisms. The supply side of regulation examines how regulation operates to guide industrial growth down particular pathways, in the pursuit of managed development. Both sides of environmental regulation involve the important issue
The New Environmental Regulation
Language: en
Pages: 290
Authors: Daniel J. Fiorino
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006 - Publisher: MIT Press
Winner, 2007 Louis Brownlow Award presented by the National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) and 2006 Best Book in Environmental Management and Policy, American Society for Public Administration. Environmental regulation in the United States has succeeded, to a certain extent, in solving the problems it was designed to address; air, water, and land, are indisputably cleaner and in better condition than they would be without the environmental controls put in place since 1970. But Daniel Fiorino argues in The New Environmental Regulation that—given recent environmental, economic, and social changes—it is time for a new, more effective model of environmental problem solving. Fiorino provides a comprehensive but concise overview of U.S. environmental regulation—its history, its rationale, and its application—and offers recommendations for a more collaborative, flexible, and performance-based alternative. Traditional environmental regulation was based on the increasingly outdated assumption that environmental protection and business are irreversibly at odds. The new environmental regulation Fiorino describes is based on performance rather than on a narrow definition of compliance and uses such policy instruments as market incentives and performance measurement. It takes into consideration differences in the willingness and capabilities of different firms to meet their environmental obligations, and it encourages innovation by allowing
The Porter Hypothesis and the Economic Consequences of Environmental Regulation
Language: en
Pages: 349
Authors: Thomas Roediger-Schluga
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004 - Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Combining the public choice literature on political decision making with the Neo-Schumpeterian literature on innovation, this valuable new book develops a conceptual model of how environmental regulation is designed. The author presents a novel perspective on the Porter Hypothesis, arguing that the effect of environmental regulation is too weak to induce technological change. This implies that environmental policy intervention has little, if any, economic consequences which has significant repercussions for environmental decision-making. Since radical technological advance is unpredictable, this implies that environmental regulation induces, at the very most, incremental improvements of existing designs. Moreover, due to the high political costs of disrupting existing industry structures, regulation objectives are often adjusted or the compliance costs reduced through subsidies. Due to this limited inducement effect, the author finds that environmental regulation does not produce outcomes consistent with the Porter Hypothesis, nor does it have any palpable negative economic impact. Using detailed case-study evidence, each step of his argument is skilfully illustrated. The book conc
Environmental Regulation in Transforming Economies: The Case of Poland
Language: en
Pages: 363
Authors: Piotr Jasinski, Helen Lawton-Smith
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-12-17 - Publisher: Routledge
First published in 1999 , the book is based on papers given at the final workshop of a research project into the evolution of environmental regulation in Poland undertaken as part of the UKs ERSC Global Environmental Change Programme. Other invited papers focused on the development of regulatory policy in transforming economies and in the UK. Furthermore the book highlights the weakness of internal political processes in Poland and the important role played by foreign sponsored pressures whilst exsamaning the divergence between the way environmental charges are supposed to operate and the ways in which they are implemented and enforced. Topics covered include the links between privatisation and the environment, the saline water problem in Upper Silesia, enforcement of and compliance with environmental charges, air pollution in Krakow and the structure of the Polish environmental administration system.
Waste Trading among Rich Nations
Language: en
Pages: 310
Authors: Kate O'Neill
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-06-19 - Publisher: MIT Press
When most people think of hazardous waste trading, they think of egregious dumping by U.S. and European firms on poor countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. But over 80 percent of the waste trade takes place between industrialized nations and is legal by domestic and international standards. In Waste Trading among Rich Nations, Kate O'Neill asks why some industrialized nations voluntarily import such wastes in the absence of pressing economic need. She focuses on Britain as an importer and Germany as an exporter and also looks at France, Australia, and Japan. According to O'Neill, most important in determining whether an industrialized democracy imports waste are two aspects of its regulatory system. The first is the structure of the regulatory process—how powers and responsibilities are allocated among different agencies and levels of government—and the structure of the hazardous waste disposal industry. The second is what O'Neill calls the "style" of environmental regulation, in particular access to the policy process and mode of implementation. Hazardous waste management is in crisis in most industrialized countries and is becoming increasingly controversial in international negotiations. O'Neill not only examines waste trading empirically but also develops a theoretical model of comparative regulation that can
Leaders & Laggards
Language: en
Pages: 224
Authors: Neil Gunningham, Darren Sinclair
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002 - Publisher: Routledge
Which types of regulatory reinvention work and which don't? This book identifies innovative regulatory best practice internationally in a number of specific contexts, providing policy prescriptions which would better enable agencies to fulfil their regulatory missions.
Dirty Exports and Environmental Regulation
Language: en
Pages: 27
Authors: John Sullivan Wilson, Otsuki Tsunehiro, Mirvat Sewadeh
Categories: Contaminacion industrial
Type: BOOK - Published: 2002 - Publisher: World Bank Publications
Books about Dirty Exports and Environmental Regulation
Environmental Regulation
Language: en
Pages: 1465
Authors: Robert V. Percival, Christopher H. Schroeder
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 1996 - Publisher: Aspen Publishers
Look for important coverage of the most current issues in Environmental Law -- environmental enforcement, risk assessment, reinventing regulation, federalism, and environmental justice - in the second edition of Percival, Miller, Schroeder, and Leape's highly successful ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION: Law, Science, and Policy. The book offers balanced coverage of air, water, and toxics, with additional emphasis on key topics like waste management, public resources, and international environmental law. Key changes to this Second Edition include: new chapter on environmental enforcement, including criminal enforcement, citizen suits, and enforcement against government entities comprehensive discussion of the implications of proposals for fundamental changes in environmental law and regulatory policy enhanced coverage of the Clean Air Act new cases and problems improved discussion of policy themes The excellent pedagogy features: rewritten and improved problems and questions superb charts and diagrams 'Pathfinder' research guides that help students find the often unconventional sources of information extensive glossary of environmental terms and acronyms With Teacher's Manual n Web site: www.law.umab.edu/courses/environment
Stress and Environmental Regulation of Gene Expression and Adaptation in Bacteria
Language: en
Pages: 1472
Authors: Frans J. de Bruijn
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-07-13 - Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Bacteria in various habitats are subject to continuously changing environmental conditions, such as nutrient deprivation, heat and cold stress, UV radiation, oxidative stress, dessication, acid stress, nitrosative stress, cell envelope stress, heavy metal exposure, osmotic stress, and others. In order to survive, they have to respond to these conditions by adapting their physiology through sometimes drastic changes in gene expression. In addition they may adapt by changing their morphology, forming biofilms, fruiting bodies or spores, filaments, Viable But Not Culturable (VBNC) cells or moving away from stress compounds via chemotaxis. Changes in gene expression constitute the main component of the bacterial response to stress and environmental changes, and involve a myriad of different mechanisms, including (alternative) sigma factors, bi- or tri-component regulatory systems, small non-coding RNA’s, chaperones, CHRIS-Cas systems, DNA repair, toxin-antitoxin systems, the stringent response, efflux pumps, alarmones, and modulation of the cell envelope or membranes, to name a few. Many regulatory elements are conserved in different bacteria; however there are endless variations on the theme and novel elements of gene regulation in bacteria inhabiting particular environments are constantly being discovered. Especially in (pathogenic) bacteria colonizing the human body a plethora of bacterial responses to innate stresses such as