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Human Ecology

Human Ecology And Community
Author: Amos H. Hawley
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226319841
Size: 44.43 MB
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Human Ecology: A Theoretical Essay, by Amos Hawley, presents for the first time a unified theory of human ecology by a scholar whose name is virtually synonymous with the discipline. Focused on the interaction between society and environment, human ecology is an attempt to deal holistically with the phenomenon of human organization. Beginning in the first quarter of the century, sociologists such as Park, Burgess, and McKenzie developed the study of human ecology to account for the dynamics of change in American cities. Over time, theorists have reached beyond the boundaries of sociology, drawing on the findings of economics, political science, anthropology, and bioecology, to understand the relationship of human beings to their environment. Hawley has successfully integrated the scattered theses of this wide-ranging discipline into a schematic whole. The early human ecologists seized on the analogy of plant communities as a way of understanding urban communities. Hawley here maintains that the most important contribution to human ecology of the lexicons of plant and animal ecologies is the perspective of collective life as an adaptive process consisting in an interaction of environment, population, and organization. From the adaptive profess, he argues, emerges the ecosystem, a concept that serves as a common denominator for bioecology and human ecology. Hawley has codified the theory of human ecology by a set of deductive hypotheses that establish its claims to coherence and comprehensiveness. His model charts a synthesis of ecological concepts ranging from adaptation and equilibrium through growth in temporal and spatial dimensions to convergence and openness. The essay underscores the critical importance of transportation and communication technology to the shaping of the human ecological system. Human Ecology brings concision and elegance to this holistic perspective and will serve as a point of reference and orientation for anyone interested in the powers and scope of the ecological approach.
Human Ecology and Community
Language: un
Pages: 107
Authors: Robert J. Gregory
Categories: Communities
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003 - Publisher:
Those who work with ecological perspectives often choose and use human communities as convenient locales for both research and practice. Too, individuals and groupings within a community do communicate and relate with each other in bounded or circumscribed contexts, thus interlock together and influence each other as well as their surrounding physical and political environment. In addition, communities are purposeful in that people do follow various values and beliefs, thereby displaying still another of the many properties of system-ness. Community psychologists, like applied anthropologists, some public health workers, political scientists, and sociologists, have found that the sub-groupings within a community are definable, observable, and related to each other and to the larger power structures of a particular community. As such, these groupings are inherently intriguing as integral parts of the human condition.Palmerston North represents one such typical community in New Zealand. In this study, ten community psychology oriented researchers went forth to explore and describe specific groupings, then examined these parts and relationships of an entire community of people through use of ecological points of view. The process revealed both diversity and common themes, and as well, a fascinating and pleasant place to live.
Human Ecology
Language: un
Pages: 168
Authors: Amos H. Hawley
Categories: Nature
Type: BOOK - Published: 1986-11-15 - Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Human Ecology: A Theoretical Essay, by Amos Hawley, presents for the first time a unified theory of human ecology by a scholar whose name is virtually synonymous with the discipline. Focused on the interaction between society and environment, human ecology is an attempt to deal holistically with the phenomenon of human organization. Beginning in the first quarter of the century, sociologists such as Park, Burgess, and McKenzie developed the study of human ecology to account for the dynamics of change in American cities. Over time, theorists have reached beyond the boundaries of sociology, drawing on the findings of economics, political science, anthropology, and bioecology, to understand the relationship of human beings to their environment. Hawley has successfully integrated the scattered theses of this wide-ranging discipline into a schematic whole. The early human ecologists seized on the analogy of plant communities as a way of understanding urban communities. Hawley here maintains that the most important contribution to human ecology of the lexicons of plant and animal ecologies is the perspective of collective life as an adaptive process consisting in an interaction of environment, population, and organization. From the adaptive profess, he argues, emerges the ecosystem, a concept that serves as a
Place, Ecology and the Sacred
Language: un
Pages: 248
Authors: Michael S. Northcott
Categories: Religion
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-06-18 - Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
People are born in one place. Traditionally humans move around more than other animals, but in modernity the global mobility of persons and the factors of production increasingly disrupts the sense of place that is an intrinsic part of the human experience of being on earth. Industrial development and fossil fuelled mobility negatively impact the sense of place and help to foster a culture of placelessness where buildings, fields and houses increasingly display a monotonous aesthetic. At the same time ecological habitats, and diverse communities of species are degraded. Romantic resistance to the industrial evisceration of place and ecological diversity involved the setting aside of scenic or sublime landscapes as wilderness areas or parks. However the implication of this project is that human dwelling and ecological sustainability are intrinsically at odds. In this collection of essays Michael Northcott argues that the sense of the sacred which emanates from local communities of faith sustained a 'parochial ecology' which, over the centuries, shaped communities that were more socially just and ecologically sustainable than the kinds of exchange relationships and settlement patterns fostered by a global and place-blind economy. Hence Christian communities in medieval Europe fostered the distributed use and intergenerational care of
Ökologie
Language: de
Pages: 622
Authors: Colin R. Townsend, Michael Begon, John L. Harper
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-08-12 - Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Diese Softcover-Ausgabe, die ein unveränderter Nachdruck der 2. Auflage (2009) ist, hält das nachgefragte Lehrbuch weiterhin verfügbar. Moderne Ökologie von A bis Z Das renommierte Autorenteam Townsend, Begon und Harper konzentriert sich in diesem Lehrbuch auf die wesentlichen Zusammenhänge in der Ökologie. In anschaulicher, durchgehend vierfarbig gestalteter und leicht verständlicher Form wird ein ausgewogener Überblick vermittelt, der die terrestrische und aquatische Ökologie gleichermaßen berücksichtigt. Für den Praxisbezug wurde großes Gewicht auf die angewandten Aspekte gelegt. Zahlreiche didaktische Elemente und großzügige, farbige Illustrationen erleichtern den Zugang. Es gibt Schlüsselkonzepte am Kapitelanfang, "Fenster" für historische Einschübe, mathematische Hintergründe und ethische Fragen, Zusammenfassungen und Fragen am Kapitelende. Neu in dieser Auflage ist ein eigenes Kapitel zur Evolutionsökologie. Alle anderen Kapitel – insbesondere die zu den angewandte Aspekten – wurden intensiv überarbeitet und hunderte neue Beispiele aufgenommen. Klar und einfach erklärt in diesem Buch.
Radical Human Ecology
Language: en
Pages: 456
Authors: Rose Roberts
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-04-08 - Publisher: Routledge
Human ecology - the study and practice of relationships between the natural and the social environment - has gained prominence as scholars seek more effectively to engage with pressing global concerns. In the past seventy years most human ecology has skirted the fringes of geography, sociology and biology. This volume pioneers radical new directions. In particular, it explores the power of indigenous and traditional peoples' epistemologies both to critique and to complement insights from modernity and postmodernity. Aimed at an international readership, its contributors show that an inter-cultural and transdisciplinary approach is required. The demands of our era require a scholarship of ontological depth: an approach that can not just debate issues, but also address questions of practice and meaning. Organized into three sections - Head, Heart and Hand - this volume covers the following key research areas: Theories of Human Ecology Indigenous and Wisdom Traditions Eco-spiritual Epistemologies and Ontology Research practice in Human Ecology The researcher-researched relationship Research priorities for a holistic world With the study of human ecology becoming increasingly imperative, this comprehensive volume will be a valuable addition for classroom use.
Human Ecology For Globalization Human Ecology In Action, 2 Vols. Set
Language: un
Pages: 576
Authors: Shashi Kumar
Categories: Agricultural education
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003 - Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Distri
Every Culture, Irrespective Of Its Simplicity Or Complexity, Has Its Own Beliefs And Practices. It Is, Therefore, Important To Study In Depth The Various Social, Cultural And Ecological Determinants Affecting Status Of Underprivileged Groups. In A Tribal Community, The Treatment Of Disease Is Not Always An Individual Or Familial Affair. The Decision Regarding The Nature Of Treatment Might Be Taken At The Community Level. One Cannot Deny The Impact Of This Psychological Support In The Context Of Treatment And Cure Which Is Very Common In Tribal Communities. The Programmes Provide A Framework Within Which Students Can Develop Their Specialist Interests In The Application Of Sustainability Principles To Various Aspects Of Environmental Management Ranging From Local Community Involvement In Local Agenda 21 To Global Environmental Issues. It Aims To Provide A Sound Grounding In Policy Analysis, As Applied To A Wide Range Of Environmental Policy Areas, For Those Without A Social Science Background. Students Learn The Ability To Critically Review Policy Implementation And The Importance Of Monitoring And Evaluation Of Evidence.The Dissertation Provides A Focus For Application Of A Range Of Approaches To The Evaluation Of Sustainable Management Policy And Practice.
The Relational Fabric of Community
Language: en
Pages: 249
Authors: Kenneth C. Bessant
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-04-10 - Publisher: Springer
Theoretical and philosophical work on community has yielded multifold definitions and analytical frameworks. Kenneth C. Bessant reflects on the inherent complexity and diversity of this deeply intersubjective aspect of lived social experience. He explores the relational underpinnings of early and more contemporary approaches to the study of community, with a particular emphasis on their core assumptions, concepts, and tenets. Each of these perspectives offers a relatively distinct interpretation of community, while also revealing the intrinsically relational fabric of its perpetual emergence, dynamism, and transformation. The ‘being-with’ of relational social existence is the fundamental basis upon which all conceptions of community are built, and this is the epicenter around which the book revolves. Community is born of, exists within, and brings forth social relations. It is a living expression of relational willing, thinking, and acting.
Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases
Language: en
Pages: 364
Authors: Neil Argo Croll, John H. Cross
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 1983 - Publisher:
Books about Human Ecology and Infectious Diseases
Human Ecology And Climatic Change
Language: en
Pages: 362
Authors: David L. Peterson, Darryll R. Johnson
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-03-06 - Publisher: Taylor & Francis
The Far North, a land of extreme weather and intense beauty, is the only region of North America whose ecosystems have remained reasonably intact. Humans are newcomers there and nature predominates. As is widely known, recent changes in the Earth's atmosphere have the potential to create rapid climatic shifts in our life-time and well into the future. These changes, a product of southern industrial society, will have the greatest impact on ecosystems at northern latitudes, which until now have remained largely undisturbed. In this fragile balance, as terrestrial and aquatic habitats change, animal and human populations will be irrevocably altered.
Human Ecology Forum
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: David L. Peterson, Darryll R. Johnson
Categories: Human ecology
Type: BOOK - Published: 1995 - Publisher:
Books about Human Ecology Forum