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Philosophy And Engineering Reflections On Practice Principles And Process

Philosophy And Engineering Reflections On Practice Principles And Process
Author: Diane P Michelfelder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400777620
Size: 62.65 MB
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Building on the breakthrough text Philosophy and Engineering: An Emerging Agenda, this book offers 30 chapters covering conceptual and substantive developments in the philosophy of engineering, along with a series of critical reflections by engineering practitioners. The volume demonstrates how reflective engineering can contribute to a better understanding of engineering identity and explores how integrating engineering and philosophy could lead to innovation in engineering methods, design and education. The volume is divided into reflections on practice, principles and process, each of which challenges prevalent assumptions and commitments within engineering and philosophy. The volume explores the ontological and epistemological dimensions of engineering and exposes the falsity of the commonly held belief that the field is simply the application of science knowledge to problem solving. Above all, the perspectives collected here demonstrate the value of a constructive dialogue between engineering and philosophy and show how collaboration between the disciplines casts light on longstanding problems from both sides. The chapters in this volume are from a diverse and international body of authors, including philosophers and engineers, and represent a highly select group of papers originally presented in three different conferences. These are the 2008 Workshop on Philosophy and Engineering (WPE-2008) held at the Royal Academy of Engineering; the 2009 meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Technology (SPT-2009) at the University of Twente in the Netherlands; and the Forum on Philosophy, Engineering, and Technology (fPET-2010), held in Golden, Colorado at the Colorado School of Mines.
Philosophy and Engineering: Reflections on Practice, Principles and Process
Language: en
Pages: 431
Authors: Diane P Michelfelder, Natasha McCarthy, David E. Goldberg
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-01-13 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Building on the breakthrough text Philosophy and Engineering: An Emerging Agenda, this book offers 30 chapters covering conceptual and substantive developments in the philosophy of engineering, along with a series of critical reflections by engineering practitioners. The volume demonstrates how reflective engineering can contribute to a better understanding of engineering identity and explores how integrating engineering and philosophy could lead to innovation in engineering methods, design and education. The volume is divided into reflections on practice, principles and process, each of which challenges prevalent assumptions and commitments within engineering and philosophy. The volume explores the ontological and epistemological dimensions of engineering and exposes the falsity of the commonly held belief that the field is simply the application of science knowledge to problem solving. Above all, the perspectives collected here demonstrate the value of a constructive dialogue between engineering and philosophy and show how collaboration between the disciplines casts light on longstanding problems from both sides. The chapters in this volume are from a diverse and international body of authors, including philosophers and engineers, and represent a highly select group of papers originally presented in three different conferences. These are the 2008 Workshop on Philosophy and Engineering (WPE-2008) held at the
Philosophy of Engineering, East and West
Language: en
Pages: 333
Authors: Carl Mitcham, Bocong LI, Byron Newberry, Baichun ZHANG
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-02-06 - Publisher: Springer
This co-edited volume compares Chinese and Western experiences of engineering, technology, and development. In doing so, it builds a bridge between the East and West and advances a dialogue in the philosophy of engineering. Divided into three parts, the book starts with studies on epistemological and ontological issues, with a special focus on engineering design, creativity, management, feasibility, and sustainability. Part II considers relationships between the history and philosophy of engineering, and includes a general argument for the necessity of dialogue between history and philosophy. It continues with a general introduction to traditional Chinese attitudes toward engineering and technology, and philosophical case studies of the Chinese steel industry, railroads, and cybernetics in the Soviet Union. Part III focuses on engineering, ethics, and society, with chapters on engineering education and practice in China and the West. The book’s analyses of the interactions of science, engineering, ethics, politics, and policy in different societal contexts are of special interest. The volume as a whole marks a new stage in the emergence of the philosophy of engineering as a new regionalization of philosophy. This carefully edited interdisciplinary volume grew out of an international conference on the philosophy of engineering hosted by the University of
Philosophy and Engineering
Language: en
Pages: 270
Authors: Diane P. Michelfelder, Byron Newberry, Qin Zhu
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-11-26 - Publisher: Springer
This volume, the result of an ongoing bridge building effort among engineers and humanists, addresses a variety of philosophical, ethical, and policy issues emanating from engineering and technology. Interwoven through its chapters are two themes, often held in tension with one another: “Exploring Boundaries” and “Expanding Connections.” “Expanding Connections” highlights contributions that look to philosophy for insight into some of the challenges engineers face in working with policy makers, lay designers, and other members of the public. It also speaks to reflections included in this volume on the connections between fact and value, reason and emotion, engineering practice and the social good, and, of course, between engineering and philosophy. “Exploring Boundaries” highlights contributions that focus on some type of demarcation. Public policy sets a boundary between what is regulated from what is not, academic disciplines delimit themselves by their subjects and methods of inquiry, and professions approach problems with unique goals and by using concepts and language in particular ways that create potential obstacles to collaboration with other fields. These and other forms of boundary setting are also addressed in this volume. Contributors explore these two themes in a variety of specific contexts, including engineering epistemology, engineers’ social responsibilities, engineering
Steps toward a Philosophy of Engineering
Language: en
Pages: 466
Authors: Carl Mitcham
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-12-06 - Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
The rise of classic Euro-American philosophy of technology in the 1950s originally emphasized the importance of technologies as material entities and their mediating influence within human experience. Recent decades, however, have witnessed a subtle shift toward reflection on the activity from which these distinctly modern artifacts emerge and through which they are engaged and managed, that is, on engineering. What is engineering? What is the meaning of engineering? How is engineering related to other aspects of human existence? Such basic questions readily engage all major branches of philosophy --- ontology, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and aesthetics --- although not always to the same degree. The historico-philosophical and critical reflections collected here record a series of halting steps to think through engineering and the engineered way of life that we all increasingly live in what has been called the Anthropocene. The aim is not to promote an ideology for engineering but to stimulate deeper reflection among engineers and non-engineers alike about some basic challenges of our engineered and engineering lifeworld.
Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases
Language: en
Pages: 336
Authors: Charles E. Harris, Jr., Michael S. Pritchard, Michael J. Rabins, Ray James, Elaine Englehardt
Categories: Education
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-01-01 - Publisher: Cengage Learning
Packed with examples pulled straight from recent headlines, ENGINEERING ETHICS, Sixth Edition, helps engineers understand the importance of their conduct as professionals as well as reflect on how their actions can affect the health, safety and welfare of the public and the environment. Numerous case studies give readers plenty of hands-on experience grappling with modern-day ethical dilemmas, while the book's proven and structured method for analysis walks readers step by step through ethical problem-solving techniques. It also offers practical application of the Engineering Code of Ethics and thorough coverage of critical moral reasoning, effective organizational communication, sustainability and economic development, risk management, ethical responsibilities, globalized standards for engineering and emerging challenges relating to evolving technology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
The Engineering-Business Nexus
Language: en
Pages: 537
Authors: Steen Hyldgaard Christensen, Bernard Delahousse, Christelle Didier, Martin Meganck, Mike Murphy
Categories: Education
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-11-14 - Publisher: Springer
Fascinating and compelling in equal measure this volume presents a critical examination of the multilayered relationships between engineering and business. In so doing the study also stimulates ethical reflection on how these relationships either enhance or inhibit strategies to address vital issues of our time. In the context of geopolitical, economic, and environmental tendencies the authors explore the world that we should want to create and the role of the engineer and the business manager in this endeavor. Throughout this volume the authors identify periods of alignment and periods of tension between engineering and business. They look at focal points of the engineering-business nexus related to the development of capitalism. The book explores past and present movements to reshape, reform, or reject this nexus. The volume is informed by questions of importance for industry as well as for higher education. These are: What kinds of conflict arise for engineers in their attempts to straddle both professional and organizational commitments? How should professionals be managed to avoid a clash of managerial and professional cultures? How do engineers create value in firms and corporations? What kinds of tension exist between higher education and industry? What challenges does the neoliberal entrepreneurial university pose
Engineering Identities, Epistemologies and Values
Language: en
Pages: 416
Authors: Steen Hyldgaard Christensen, Christelle Didier, Andrew Jamison, Martin Meganck, Carl Mitcham, Byron Newberry
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-05-30 - Publisher: Springer
This second companion volume on engineering studies considers engineering practice including contextual analyses of engineering identity, epistemologies and values. Key overlapping questions examine such issues as an engineering identity, engineering self-understandings enacted in the professional world, distinctive characters of engineering knowledge and how engineering science and engineering design interact in practice. Authors bring with them perspectives from their institutional homes in Europe, North America, Australia\ and Asia. The volume includes 24 contributions by more than 30 authors from engineering, the social sciences and the humanities. Additional issues the chapters scrutinize include prominent norms of engineering, how they interact with the values of efficiency or environmental sustainability. A concluding set of articles considers the meaning of context more generally by asking if engineers create their own contexts or are they created by contexts. Taken as a whole, this collection of original scholarly work is unique in its broad, multidisciplinary consideration of the changing character of engineering practice.
Philosophy, Technology, and the Environment
Language: en
Pages: 272
Authors: David M. Kaplan
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-03-03 - Publisher: MIT Press
Contributions by prominent scholars examining the intersections of environmental philosophy and philosophy of technology.
Digitalisierung, Automatisierung, KI und Recht
Language: de
Pages: 662
Authors: Susanne Beck, Carsten Kusche, Brian Valerius
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-11-24 - Publisher: Nomos Verlag
Dieser interdisziplinäre Sammelband mit Beiträgen aus den Wissenschaftsbereichen Philosophie, Technik und Recht würdigt die Verdienste der 2010 an der Universität Würzburg gegründeten "Forschungsstelle RobotRecht" um eine innovationsoffene Begleitung der Technisierung durch das Recht. Der Band fußt auf interdisziplinären Überlegungen zu den technischen Entwicklungen unserer Zeit sowie den gesellschaftlichen und ethischen Grundlagen eines Zugriffs des Rechts auf technische Innovation. Den Schwerpunkt des Werks bilden Beiträge aus Rechtspraxis und (internationaler Straf-) Rechtswissenschaft zu den zivilrechtlichen, strafrechtlichen und verfahrensrechtlichen Herausforderungen, die die Technisierung mit sich bringt. Mit Beiträgen von Nikolaus Bauer, Prof. Dr. Susanne Beck, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Dieter Birnbacher, Kristine Böhm, Alfons Botthof, Prof. Dr. JörgEisele, Sven Elter, Dr. Jochen Feldle, Orlandino Gleizer, Prof. Dr. Armin Grunwald, Christian Haagen, Berthold Haustein, Prof. Dr. Dirk Heckmann, Prof. Dr. Joachim Hertzberg, Prof. Dr. Su Jiang, Prof. Dr. Jan Joerden, Prof. Dr. Maria Kaiafa-Gbandi, Dr. Clemens Kessler, Dr. Carsten Kusche, Prof. Dr. Genlin Liang, Dr. Severin Löffler, Anna Lohmann, Annika Schömig, Pia Mesenberg, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Mitsch, Prof. Dr. Julian Nida-Rümelin, Dr. Christoph Peylo, Prof. Dr. Frank Puppe, Prof. Dr. Tobias Reinbacher, Dr. David Roth-Isigkeit, Prof. Dr. Ronny Thomale, Prof. Dr. Frank Schuster, Prof. Dr. Gerald Spindler, Klaus Staudacher, Prof. Dr. Brian Valerius, Paul
Science, Technology, and Virtues
Language: en
Pages: 384
Authors: Emanuele Ratti, Thomas A. Stapleford
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-07-23 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
Virtues have become a valuable and relevant resource for understanding modern science and technology. Scientific practice requires not only following prescribed rules but also cultivating judgment, building mental habits, and developing proper emotional responses. The rich philosophical traditions around virtue can provide key insights into scientific research, including understanding how daily practice shapes scientists themselves and how ethical dilemmas created by modern scientific research and technology should be navigated. Science, Technology, and Virtues gathers both new and eminent scholars to show how concepts of virtue can help us better understand, construct, and use the products of modern science and technology. Contributors draw from examples across philosophy, history, sociology, political science, and engineering to explore how virtue theory can help orient science and technology towards the pursuit of the good life. Split into four major sections, this volume covers virtues in science, technology, epistemology, and research ethics, with individual chapters discussing applications of virtues to scientific practice, the influence of virtue ethics on socially responsible research, and the concept of "failing well" within the scientific community. Rather than offer easy solutions, the essays in this volume instead illustrate how virtue concepts can provide a productive and illuminating perspective on two phenomena